Autonomous vehicles are still at an advanced testing stage, but functions that make partial automation possible are already a reality, and for the next few years, we’ll benefit from partial autonomous technology such as lane-changing systems, crash-avoidance and post-accident braking. However, fully autonomous technology is much further away, and will need to be isolated and tested in autonomous cities. The costs and benefits of self-driving cars are still largely hypothetical. More information is needed to fully assess how they’ll impact drivers, the economy, equity, and environmental and public health. Still, the safety is an overarching concern.